Using RTP Loopback for VoIP/PSTN Call Testing
A voice lab rack usually utilizes dedicated piece of hardware to simulate PSTN switch. Commonly, you can find a Cisco router in this role, with a number of E1/T1 cards set to emulate ISDN network side. It perfectly suits the function, switching ISDN connections between the endpoints. Additionally, it is often required to have an “independent” PSTN phone connected to the PSTN switch, in order to represent “outside” dialing patterns - such as 911, 999, 411 1-800/900 numbers. The most obvious way to do this is to enable a CallManager Express on the PSTN router, and register either hardware IP Phone or any of IP Soft-phones (such as IP Blue or CIPC) with the CME system.
However, there is another way to accomplish the same goal using IOS functionality solely. It relies on the IP-to-IP gateway feature, called “RTP loopback” session target. It is intended to be used for VoIP call testing, but could be easily utilized to loopback incoming PSTN calls to themselves. Let’s say we want PSTN router to respond to incoming calls to an emergency number 911. Here is how a configuration would look like:
voice service voip
allow-connections h323 to h323
ip address 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.255
dial-peer voice 911 voip
session target ipv4:126.96.36.199
incoming called-number 999
dial-peer voice 1911 voip
session target loopback:rtp
incoming called-number 1#911
The trick is that only IP-to-IP calls could be looped back. Because of that, we need to redirect the incoming PSTN call to the router itself first, in order to establish an incoming VoIP call leg.
While this approach permits VoIP call testing, it lacks one important feature, available with the “real” PSTN phone: placing calls from the PSTN phone to the in-rack phones. However, you can always use “csim start” command on the PSTN router to overcome this obstacle. Have fun!